In the name of Allah Most Merciful Most Gracious
All praise is due to Allah; we praise Allah and seek Allah’s help and forgiveness. And we seek refuge in Allah, Most High, from the evils of our own selves. Whomsoever has been guided by Allah, none can misguide him, and whomsoever is misguided, no one can guide him except Allah.
And I bear witness that there is no god worthy of being worshipped except Allah Al Mighty, alone, without partner or associate. I further bear witness that Muhammad (P.B.U.H) is his true worshipper and messenger, may Allah the exalted bestow His peace and blessings upon him.
Allah says in the Quran"O you who believe! Fear Allah as Allah should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam "(Quran 3:102).
This topic is very important, as each and every one of us will experience it one day and that is :Death.
Almost every day we hear of the death of someone, yet most people ignore the fact that one day they will die too, they go on with their life as if nothing has happened feeling that their time has not yet come for them to die.
Allah says in the Quran:"Everyone shall taste death. And only on the day of resurrection shall you be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the fire and admitted to paradise, this person is indeed successful. The life of this world is only the enjoyment of deception:"(Quran 3:185)," Every soul shall have the taste of death "(Quran 29:57).
STEPS OF SALATUL JANAZAH
Recite the Fatiha silently.
Then say:"Alla-who Akbar".
Then recite the Tashahood .
The Tashahoodis :- ( Allahumma sallee ala-Muhammad wa’ala alee Muhammad kama sallayta ala Ibrahim wa ala alee Ibrahim, wa barik ala Muhammad wa’ala alee Muhammad kama barakta ala Ibrahim wa ala alee Ibrahim, innaka hamidun Majeed).
This means : " O Allah! Grant peace to Muhammad and his family as you did to Ibrahim and his family. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his family as you blessed Ibrahim and his family. Truly you are Most Glorious and Most Praiseworthy".
Then say :"Alla-who Akbar".
Then make dua’ (Supplicate) for the deceased.
Then say:"Alla-who Akbar".
Then make dua (Supplicate) for all dead Muslims.
In the case of a dead baby or young child, make dua (Supplicate) for his parents.
Then say :"Assalamu alykum", like you say in other Salats. Tasleem could be said only once.
Salatul Janazah for the one who died far away is allowed.
There is no Islamic teaching of putting the picture of the deceased or some of his clothes or flowers in front of or around the Kafan ( Shroud).
To use a coffin (Box) is not allowed, unless there is necessity to use it, such as the body of the deceased is damaged, or for health reasons, or when the grave is wet and cannot be dried.